The time has finally come that our government has taken the National identity card seriously. It is one of the good things that the COVID pandemic has brought to us.
Our government may have realized that if we have the National ID system, we could have avoided the issue where some Filipino’s were not provided of aid and a better contact tracing.
What is a National ID Card?
The Philippine identification card is the Filipinos’ official national identity card, either residing in the Philippines or abroad. The identification card is a keystone of the Philippine identification system (PhilSys). The ID card is an identity proof of the citizens registered with PhilSys.
What is PhilSys?
You may be wondering what PhilSys is and below is a brief introduction about it.
PhilSys or the Philippine identification system is a national identity system implemented by the Philippine government under the republic act No. 11055, which is also called “the Philippine identification system act.”
President Rodrigo Duterte signed this act on August 6, 2018, and it demands every Filipino and permanent resident foreigners to register with the Philippine ID system.
Components of the Philippine Identification System
The Philippine identification system consists of three components:
- PhilSys number (PSN)
This is a random identification number assigned to every individual upon birth or registration via PSA, and it is unique to every individual. All government agencies recognize the PSN, and no person can have more than one PSN. It is neither predetermined nor chosen by the individual himself.
- PhilSys registry
It’s a database that records the registered individuals’ registration history and related data in the PSN.
- Philippine national ID (Phil ID)
It is a national ID card that is awarded to all the persons registered with PhilSys.
Who can apply for the Philippine national ID card?
The eligibility criterion allows the following to apply for a PhilSys ID:
- Filipinos living in the Philippines as well as multiple nationality holders.
- Overseas Filipinos living abroad.
- Foreigners’ residing in the Philippines for more than six months.
What are the requirements to apply for the National ID card?
To apply for your identification card, you need to provide the following documents:
- Duly accomplished PhilSys application form
- Original copy of any one of the following documents:
- PSA issued birth certificate
- One government-issued ID along with the full name, photo, and signature
- Philippine e-passport
- UMID card
- Other equivalent ID proofs.
What are the requirements if the applicant is a Foreign resident?
If you are a foreign resident, you need to provide an Alien Certificate of Registration (ACR) or ACR ID.
What are the requirements for a married woman aiming to adopt her husband’s surname?
If you are a married woman and want to adopt your husband’s surname for your national ID card, you need to provide a PSA issued marriage certificate.
What are the personal facts and figures included in the national ID?
The Philippine national identity card contains the following facts and figures:
- PhylSys number
- Full name of the person
- Date of birth
- Place of birth
- Blood group
- Biometric analysis (fingerprint and iris scan)
- Photograph of the ID cardholder
- Address of the cardholder
- Citizenship detail (whether a Filipino or foreign resident)
- Marital status
- Mobile number
- Email address (optional)
Is there any fee of registration for the Philippine ID?
No, the registration, along with the application for the PhilSys ID, is absolutely free.
Why should I avail of the Philippine national ID?
Philippine national id is the most authentic document for accessing the services which require identification proof such as below
- Passport and visa application
- Driver license application
- Salary loan, calamity assistance and any other services provided by PAGIBIG, SSS, Philhealth and etc.
- Voter’s registration
- Account opening with Financial institutions.
- Availing for health services provided by the government
How can I apply for a Philippine national ID card?
Here’s a brief procedure to apply for the Philippine national ID:
First, you need to prepare the documents mentioned above. Secondly, proceed to your nearest registration center and get your biometrics analysis done. After biometric analysis, you will be awarded your PhilSys number(PSN). Now, just wait for your national ID to be granted. For Overseas Filipinos can head towards the nearest Philippine embassy.
Can I request for changes in my PhilSys data?
Yes, one can definitely go for the alteration of the PhilSys data when required.
If you need to make changes in your name, gender, date, and place of birth and marital status, you need to follow the following steps:
- Go to the nearest registration center
- Fill out the correction form
- Submit the altered PSA issued birth or marriage certificate.
- Verify your identity via biometric verification.
What if I need to alter my citizenship in PhilSys?
To alter your citizenship, file a PhilSys registration or correction form at registration centers, and submit the related supporting documents. After that, you will be asked for a biometric verification that completes the process.
How can the disabled make changes in their ID card?
For the physically impaired persons, alteration in the data will be made by their guardian registered at PhilSys registration centers.
How can the typographical mistakes of the PhilSys be corrected?
Such mistakes will be corrected under the provisions defined under section 12 of the IRR of the PhilSys act.
It is good to know that the government is taking action to implement the National ID card however, they should have made this compulsory for every Filipinos. Hopefully, we will have one ID in the future for all government services. Having separate ID for UMID, Postal ID, Voter’s ID, Pagibig, Philhealth is just too much in my opinion.